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新东方英语4+1语音语调 第1课:发音类别

2015-03-05 21:49:56

LESSON 1 发音类别
Part One 前元音听辨及跟读
Part One 前元音听辨及跟读
A. Practice these four sounds in phrases.
eat the meat
make a wish
very well
a mad man
keep the seat
sit down
get ready
a jazz band
three trees
best friend
a black bag
Peter’s secret
a small fish
ten men
a plastic bag
the Chinese people
a bit chilly
Teddy Bear
hand in hand
a piece of cheese
bit by bit
wet with sweat
a happy marriage
a friend in need
fit as a fiddle
best seller
on behalf of our class
B. Now practice the sound in sentences.
⑴ Please speak English.
Dick gives Lily a big kiss.
The book sells well, I guess.
Don’t let the cat out of the bag.
⑵ Seeing is believing.
They stayed together through thick and thin.
Let’s get everything ready.
They ran hand in hand.
⑶ Steve lives on 333 Peterson Street.
Can you give me a lift?
Remember to get me ten eggs.
He who laughs last laughs best.
⑷ Don’t speak Chinese in an English class.
Is it spring or still winter?
All is well that ends well.
Pat sat on the grass with a glass in his hand.
⑸ Please keep this seat for me.
Mary is fifty now, but she’s still fit as a fiddle.
Better late than never.
Sally married a handsome young man named Jerry.

Part Two 中元音听辨练习
A. Practice these three sounds in phrases.
the first term
a long term0
some money
learn the words
among the workers
some honey
a firm girl
never forget
once in a month
a nervous nurse
a sheet of paper
a tough son
an early bird
a drop of water
a funny couple
a dirty shirt
the teachers of China
a sudden jump
the third world
the doctor’s daughter
just for fun
an active learner
at the counter
blood for blood
B. Now practice the sound in sentences.
⑴ The early bird catches the worm.
My younger brother’s a doctor.
Enough is enough.
⑵ First come, first served.
Peter can use the computer pretty well.
I wonder who’s coming to lunch.
⑶ The girls have to learn World History first.
Peter’s father is a professor.
My brother lives in the countryside.
⑷ Earl has worked in that firm for thirty years.
You’d better do it faster.
He was running to catch the bus.
⑸ A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
My younger sister is also a computer expert.
Never trouble troubles until troubles trouble you.
⑹ He seems to get worse and worse.
Let’s have a get-together after supper.
How much is too much?
⑺ Birds of a feather flock together.
Give me some butter and sugar.
Love me , love my dog.

Part Three 后元音听辨练习
A. Practice these four sounds in phrases.
pop music
law and order
push and pull
pop concert
you full
by hook or by crook
whose tools
a stopwatch
according to law
the butcher and the crook
a new suit
clocks and watches
talk and walk
good looks
a group of students
socks and stocking
a small waterfall
good footwork
drop by drop
along corridor
book a room
the Blue Danube
common knowledge
a long story
took some sugar
a water bottle
a quarter to four
too few too soon to be true
wooden plates
B. Now practice the sound in sentences.
Waste not, want not.
My daughter-in-law is a lawyer.
Who took away my book?
How do you do?
Honesty is the best policy.
Paul is forty-four.
Don’t let the butcher bully the cook.
You look cool!
A pick-pocket picks pocket.
Norman has lost his wallet.
Crook will do it by hook or by crook.
Soon my dream will come true.
Lots and lots of dollars are locked in the box.
We won because we fought hard.
We tried to book a room, but the hotel was full.
No news is good news.
Tom started at the bottom and worked his way to the top.
Learn to crawl before you can walk.
Look before you leap.
As a rule, the skies are blue in June.

A. Practice these five sounds in phrases.
play safe
go home
by and by
a loud sound
voice and noise
save face
don’t know
silent night
boiling point
make way
hope so
quite right
no soap
nine times
without power
a joyful voyage
face to face
a mouse in the house
spoil the boy
plain sailing
low-interest loan
point by point
out of town
old folks at hom
B. Practice these five sounds in phrases.
⑴ Better take your raincoat.
Go and open the window.
Out of sight, out of mind.
I found a mouse in the house.
Roy toiled on the soil.
⑵ Let’s play safe.
Oh, he’s so slow.
Like father like son.
He’s out of town.
Jack’s an employee in a joint venture.
⑶ Her name is Rachel.
Show me the photo, Joe.
Once bitten, twice shy.
How about going down town?
The spoiled boy wants more new toys.
⑷ No way, go away.
It’s only a joke.
A stitch in time saves nine.
No doubt, he’s drowned.
The noise came from the toilet.
⑸ Rain, rain, go away. Little Johnny wants to play.
I love potatoes and tomatoes.
Great minds think a like.
How many hours do we have to wait?
Soybean oil is my choice.
⑹ The cake is on the plate and the plate is on the table.
Give me my soap and comb.
A cat has nine lives.
He’s without power now.
Let’s join the boys.
⑺ When the cat is away , the mice will play.
Little strokes fell great oaks.
Strike while the iron is hot.
Howard is going to have a cold shower now.
Spare the rod, spoil the child.

Part One 爆破音听辨练习
Read the dialogue, paying attention to the pronunciation of plosives.
⑴ A: How do you do? I’m Parker.
B: How do you do, Mr. Barker?
A: Parker.
B: Oh, Parker with a P?
A: Yes, with a P.
B: Er… I’m Barker.
A: Barker? With a B. Of course.
B: Yes, with a B.
A: Won’t you come in, Mr. Barker?
B: Thank you, Mr. Parker.
⑵ A: I love you, Miss Brown.
B: But how can I believe you, Mr. Black.
A: I’ll jump over the balcony, Miss Brown.
B: Jump over the balcony, Mr. Black?
A: It’ll prove my love, Miss Brown.
B: It’ll break your back, Mr. Black.
A: Then save me and take me back!
⑶ A: What’s the date today?
B: December the fifteenth. The day after tomorrow is little Tom’s birthday.
A: Right. What present should we give him this time? By the way, how old is he?
B: He’s still thirteen today and tomorrow. He’ll be fourteen the day after tomorrow. Let’s get him a remote controlled toy truck.
A: How time flies! He’s a big boy now.
B: And don’t forget Mary, Tom’s twin sister. It’s her birthday, too.
A: OK. Let’s invite all their little friends to come and celebrate.
⑷ A: Was it a good game?
B: It was a terrific game.
A: You had a good day for it.
B: A beautiful day.
A: Did Chris score?
B: He scored twice.
A: And you?
B: Now where did I put that bottle of milk?
A: Did you score?
B: Ah, got it.
A: Maybe the next game?
B: Sure thing. I’ll score one goal at least.

Part Two 摩擦音听辨练习
Read the dialogue, while paying attention to the pronunciation of fricatives.
⑴ A: Frank flatters me, Fred.
B: Frank flatters everybody.
A: He said I create a flame in his heart.
B: A flame in his heart?
A: A furious flame! He says I drive him frantic!
B: You drive me frantic, too, Fanny.
A: Oh, Fred! You old flatterer.
B: But don’t forget to fry the fish, Fanny.
⑵ A: Seven days old! She’s a lovely baby!
B: She’s a beautiful baby!
A: And she’s a clever baby.
B: And her voice, her voice is so…so clear!
A: She’s got a very clear voice, indeed.
B: And she’s big for a baby of her age!
⑶ A: Date of birth?
B: The third of March, nineteen thirty-three.
A: The third of March, nineteen thirty-three?
B: I think…
A: You think what?
B: I think it was the third, but maybe it was the fourth.
A: You think it was either the third or the fourth? You’re not sure of your
own date of birth?
B: No, I’m sorry.
A: Anyway, the position has been taken already. So it doesn’t matter you’re
not sure of your date of birth.
⑷ A: Maybe you’ll let me play in the mud, Mother?
B: Don’t you dare play there.
A: Father doesn’t mind if we play in the mud.
B: Father doesn’t wash the dirty clothes, dear.
⑸ A: I’ll sing you a song.
B: Yes , sing a song. But don’t sing a sad song.
A: Most of my songs are sad, sorry.
B: Well, please sing one that’s not within the definition of too sad.
A: OK , I’ll sing San Francisco, then.
⑹ A: A shirt, sir? Yes, sir. This one will suit you. It’s in a very fashionable
B: Mm. I want something simpler.
A: A silver one, maybe? It’s got something special on the sleeve.
B: Can’t you show me a simple shirt in a simple shade? Maybe I should try
the next shop.
⑺ A: Who’s that over there?
B: Oh, that’s John. He’s the Club Treasurer.
A: What’s he doing there?
B: Watching television.
A: And does he always sleep when the television’s on?
B: Usually he does.
A: Ah.
B: And occasionally he snores.
A: Rather noisily.
B: As even the man on the moon must have noticed!
⑻ You and your friend are looking at some things in a shop window but you
can’t see very well.
A: Is that a radio?
B: It looks like a radio.
A: Is that a pretty dress?
B: It looks like a pretty dress.
A: Is that a rugby ball?
B: It looks like a rugby ball.
A: Is that a record?
B: It looks like a record.
A: Is that a record player?
B: It looks like a record player.
A: Is that a refrigerator?
B: It looks like a refrigerator.
⑼ A: How handsome Henry is!
B: Henry is handsome, isn’t he?
A: And how hardworking Henry is!
B: Henry does work hard.
A: And how honest Henry is!
B: Oh? Is Henry honest?

Part Three 塞擦音听辨练习
Read the dialogue, while paying attention to the affricate.
(1) A: We need some cheese.
B: I’ve just bought some cheese.
A: And we need some chocolate.
B: I’ve just bought some chocolate.
A: And what about chicken soup?
B: I’ve just bought some chicken soup.
A: Good, But we still haven’t got enough chairs.
B: Don’t worry. I’ve just bought some cheap chairs.
A: That’s everything then. Oh no! China plates.
(2) A: You can’t do that!
B: Of course I can. It’s my bridge.
A: But you can’t chop it down!
B: It’s my bridge, and I’m chopping it down.
A: Don’t chop it down! How shall we cross? We can’t manage without it.
B: Well, you’ve got to learn how to jump really far! Jump! Jump!

Part Four鼻音听辨练习
Read the dialogue, while paying attention to the nasals.
⑴ A: Don’t be alarmed if Mum stamps.
B: And don’t be alarmed if Mum screams.
A: It’s not what it seems.
B: Don’t be alarmed. You won’t really be harmed.
⑵ A: Norman went. And he never returned.
B: He went? When?
A: Oh, about the end of June.
B: Did he send the rent?
A: Yes, and I’ve found a new tenant, Nancy Noble.
B: I hope there won’t be any problems.
A: You don’t know Nancy, do you?
B: Well, I once lent her some cash and she never returned it.
⑶ A friend is helping you to do a crossword puzzle.
A: I think it’s “singing”.
B: No, “singing ”is wrong.
A: What about “ ringing”?
B: No, “ringing ”is wrong.
A: Well, can it be “bringing”?
B: No, “bringing ”is wrong.
A: What about “ thinking”?
B: No, “thinking ”is wrong.
A: Well, is it “hanging”?
B: No, “hanging ”is wrong.
A: What about “drinking”?
B: No, “drinking ”is wrong.
A: Oh, dear, is anything going to be right?

Part Five舌边音听辨练习
Read the dialogue, while paying attention to the lateral.
A: If you look on the library shelves, you’ll find A History of the Lakes. The Lakes were a large, rich, but unlucky family. They had thirteen children. The first eleven were killed in mysterious fatal accidents. And the twelfth, Lance…. Poor Lance was eaten by wolves.
B: And the remaining child? The last of the Lakes?
A: I was lucky. I inherited everything. Now sign the contract or I may start calling you brother!

Part Six半元音听辨练习
Read the dialogue, while paying attention to the semi-vowel.
⑴ A: How much do we have to give?
B: We don’t have to give.
A: I’ll give whatever Mrs. Whitney gave.
B: She gives five.
A: Very well, I’ll give five dollars, too.
B: She gives five hundred dollars.
A: Oh, my! She always gives too much.
Read the two poems.
⑴ We waddle away from the water.
And now we will waddle back.
Then swish, swish, we are swimming again.
Quack! Quack! Quack!
⑵ When the orchard yield will be gathered soon.
And the fields beyond are yellow with corn,
The dog in our yard awakes with a yawn,
And yaps and yelps at the yellow moon.

All the phonetic sounds are divided into vowel and consonant.
元 音
Vowel:vowel is a voiced sound. The vocal cords vibrate, while the oral cavity is sampled by the tongue and lips. At the same time, the air is passing from the larynx to the mouth without obstruction.
辅 音
Consonant:All the other sounds except vowels are consonants. For some consonants, when they are pronounced, the air doesn’t pass the mouth as /m/. for others , when it is passing through the oral cavity, the air will receive this or that kind of obstruction. Or it is affricated at a certain point.
元音分类 A
根据发音时舌头在口腔中抬起的部位不同,我们把单素元音分为前元音、中元音和后元音。(When wepronounce a monophing ,the jaw, tongue and lips do not move at all.There are twelve monophthongs,and we divide them into front vowel ,central vowels and back vowels,both in British English and American English based on the parts of the tongue that count them.

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